1.Bhagavan Das Dhananjaya Das vs. Union of India  96 taxmann.com 189
W.P. NOS. 25455 OF 2017 AND 25456, 25729,
26654, 16903, 16970, 16995, 16999, 17151, 17161 of 2018 & Oths.
Date of Order: 3rd August, 2018
Section 164(2) of the Companies Act, 2013 –
Disqualification of directors – The provision which came into effect on
01.04.2014 cannot be given a retrospective effect especially when the
disqualification clause did not trigger in the previous regime
B was a
director of B Co a private limited company incorporated under the Companies
Act, 1956 (“1956 Act”). He was also a director in other company S Co which was
also a private limited company incorporated under the 1956 Act. B Co had no
operations and was lying dormant till the year 2012.
In the year
2012, the directors planned to revive the company and there was infusion of
additional share capital as well as introduction of three new members to the
Board of B Co (one of them being Mr. B). The revival plan did not fructify and
B Co continued to remain a dormant company. B Co did not file its annual
returns from financial year 2012-13. The last annual return filed was in
respect of financial year 2011-12.
Registrar Of Companies (“ROC”) on 18.03.2017
issued a show cause notice for striking off the name of B Co. There being no
plans to revive the company, B Co issued a no objection letter to the ROC for
striking off. On 08.09.2017 ROC issued a list of directors disqualified u/s.
164(2)(a) of Companies Act, 2013 (“2013 Act”) which included name of B as well.
Accordingly, B would be prohibited from acting as a director in any other
company for a period of 5 years.
Aggrieved, B filed a writ petition before
the Hon’ble Madras High Court. B contended that provisions of section 16